There can be no programming activity without the use of programming languages. Choosing the best programming language, among others, is a difficult task.
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Python and Java are the two most important programming languages because they are widely used and preferred by developers. When we compare these two languages, we can see that Python has advanced significantly since its inception, whereas Java has remained stagnant.
Comparison between Python & Java
1. Python vs Java – Speed
When it comes to speed, Java wins because it is a compiled language. Java takes slightly longer than Python to process code. Python, as an interpreted language, is slower than Java because it must decide what type of data to use at run time, which slows it down.
2. Python vs Java – Legacy
In terms of legacy, Python ranks lower than Java because it has a few legacy issues. It is difficult for users to copy and paste the code, making it more secure than other programming languages.
3. Python vs Java – Code
In contrast to Python, the Java programming language is highly verbose, with only ten lines of code to read from. In Python, however, only two lines of code are required to read a file. As a result, it is clear that Python is a more user-friendly language than Java when it comes to reading files.
4. Python vs Java – Popularity
Python programming language is the second fastest-growing language after C#. Last year, it surpassed PHP.
5. Python vs Java – Practical Agility
Java is considered a static language and is mostly recommended for web and mobile applications, whereas Python adapts to the situation and is the most preferred language for Artificial Intelligence. Best data structures and algorithms courses are also available under Python and Java.
6. Python vs Java – Syntax
Python is a typed programming language. When users use it, they are not required to choose variable types.
Java, on the other hand, adheres to strict syntax rules; it’s a statically typed language that requires you to explicitly declare your variable types.
7. Python vs Java – Salary
Python has surpassed Java in terms of popularity in recent years. With prior experience, you can begin your career as a software developer.
Nowadays, artificial intelligence and automation-related jobs are more popular, so Python is preferred over Java.
8. Python vs Java – Whitespace
Python accepts whitespace as part of its syntax, whereas Java completely ignores it. Java ignores whitespace, as well as curly braces, parentheses, and semicolons. Python, on the other hand, handles the tab for nesting as well as a full colon when working with loops and conditional blocks.
9. Python vs Java – Performance
Both of these programming languages can be combined into bytecode and run on virtual machines. However, Python compiles code at runtime, whereas Java compiles it ahead of time.
It is difficult to compare the performance of these two languages precisely.